Cricket is a sport born in England, at least in its modern form, and is practiced, as well as in the country where it was born, mainly in the Commonwealth countries: Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Wales, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Zimbabwe and the English-speaking Caribbean.
The length of the matches can last from hours to several days. The numerous intervals and complicated terminology make this sport difficult for inexperienced spectators to understand. There are two variants of this sport, unlimited over and limited over.
In the first, a team must eliminate all opposing batters twice to win the match, the duration of which is 4 days (home competitions) or 5 (international competitions, called Tests). In the second, however, the most popular are the 50 over (called One Day International or ODI if played by the national teams), lasting one day, the twenty over (Twenty20), lasting about 3/4 hours, and the T10 cricket, launched in 2017.
Physical profiling of international cricket players, bowlers and batters
Let's go now to see the physical profiles in this sport, studied in the research: Physical profiling of international cricket players: an investigation between bowlers and batters, published on the Biology of sport.
The research explains: "This study aimed to develop a physical profile of international cricketers, and investigate if positional differences exist between bowlers and batters. Nineteen, international male cricketers, eleven bowlers (age 24.1 ± 5.2 years; height 179.73 ± 5.27 cm; weight 73.64 ± 6.65 kg), and eight batters (age 22.9 ± 3.8 years; height 180.25 ± 5.57 cm; weight 77.01 ± 8.99 kg) participated in this study.
The physical test battery included; power, speed, strength and aerobic fitness tests. Batters demonstrated significantly higher scores for the countermovement jump (p <0.03; ES = -1.55) and squat jump (p <0.03; ES = -0.98).
Furthermore, batters showed non-significant but small ES for faster 0-5 m (ES = 0.40) and 0-10 m (ES = 0.35) sprint times, superior hand grip strength (ES = -0.20), and higher Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test scores (ES = -0.46).
Bowlers showed non-significant but small ES for faster 5 km time trials (ES = -0.51), lower bodyweight (ES = -0.42) and lowe r body fat percentage (ES = -0.30). However, intra-positional (i.e., seam and spin bowlers) and individual differences amongst players were observed.
The physical profiles presented in this study can be used by coaches responsible for the physical development of cricket players to compare their existing data with. Furthermore, it is recommended that practitioners account for individual physical fitness profiles in addition to team profiles, to effectively design and evaluate tailored programs, with the aim of improving both physical and cricket performance."